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來(lai)源︰IT165收集  發布(bu)日期︰2020-02-20 06:12:27

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RHEV3.2的Web管理界面(mian)有了很(hen)大的改(gai)進,更(geng)加的簡單和便捷,還可以(yi)使用(yong)中文瀏(liu)覽(lan)。

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Step1︰更(geng)新系統

yum update -y

Step2︰安裝RHEV並將其report功能也(ye)安裝上

yum install -y rhevm rhevm-reports rhevm-dwh

Step3︰配置RHEV

[root@rhevm ~]# engine-setup [ INFO ] Stage: Initializing[ INFO ] Stage: Environment setup  Configuration files: ['/etc/ovirt-engine-setup.conf.d/10-packaging-dwh.conf', '/etc/ovirt-engine-setup.conf.d/10-packaging-wsp.conf', '/etc/ovirt-engine-setup.conf.d/10-packaging.conf', '/etc/ovirt-engine-setup.conf.d/20-packaging-rhevm-reports.conf']  Log file: /var/log/ovirt-engine/setup/ovirt-engine-setup-20160604231558-xbilsi.log  Version: otopi-1.3.0 (otopi-1.3.0-2.el6ev)[ INFO ] Stage: Environment packages setup[ INFO ] Stage: Programs detection[ INFO ] Stage: Environment setup[ INFO ] Stage: Environment customization  --== PRODUCT OPTIONS ==--  Configure Engine on this host (Yes, No) [Yes]:  Configure Data Warehouse on this host (Yes, No) [Yes]:  #是否在本機配置數據倉庫  Configure Reports on this host (Yes, No) [Yes]:   #是否在本機配置報(bao)告(gao)功能  Configure WebSocket Proxy on this host (Yes, No) [Yes]:  #是否在本機配置Web代(dai)理服務  --== PACKAGES ==--[ INFO ] Checking for product updates...[ INFO ] No product updates found  --== ALL IN ONE CONFIGURATION ==--  --== NETWORK CONFIGURATION ==--  Setup can automatically configure the firewall on this system.  Note: automatic configuration of the firewall may overwrite current settings.  Do you want Setup to configure the firewall? (Yes, No) [Yes]: no  #需要配置防火牆嗎(ma)  Host fully qualified DNS name of this server [rhevm.pod2.example.com]:  #指(zhi)定主機的FQDN  --== DATABASE CONFIGURATION ==--  Where is the Reports database located? (Local, Remote) [Local]:   #在哪(na)里安裝Report功能的數據庫  Setup can configure the local postgresql server automatically for the Reports to run. This may conflict with existing applications.  Would you like Setup to automatically configure postgresql and create Reports database, or prefer to perform that manually? (Automatic, Manual) [Automatic]:    #手(shou)動(dong)還是自動(dong)配置postgresql數據庫  Where is the DWH database located? (Local, Remote) [Local]:    #在哪(na)里安裝DWH數據庫  Setup can configure the local postgresql server automatically for the DWH to run. This may conflict with existing applications.  Would you like Setup to automatically configure postgresql and create DWH database, or prefer to perform that manually? (Automatic, Manual) [Automatic]:  Where is the Engine database located? (Local, Remote) [Local]:   #在哪(na)里安裝RHEV Engine的數據庫  Setup can configure the local postgresql server automatically for the engine to run. This may conflict with existing applications.  Would you like Setup to automatically configure postgresql and create Engine database, or prefer to perform that manually? (Automatic, Manual) [Automatic]:  --== OVIRT ENGINE CONFIGURATION ==--  Engine admin password:    #數據RHEV admin的密(mi)碼  Confirm engine admin password: [WARNING] Password is weak: it is based on a dictionary word  Use weak password? (Yes, No) [No]: yes  Application mode (Virt, Gluster, Both) [Both]:  --== PKI CONFIGURATION ==--  Organization name for certificate [pod2.example.com]: pod2.example.com #頒(ban)發證書(shu)的組織名,這(zhe)個要保證準確  --== APACHE CONFIGURATION ==--  Setup can configure the default page of the web server to present the application home page. This may conflict with existing applications.  Do you wish to set the application as the default page of the web server? (Yes, No) [Yes]:  #是否將RHEV Web界面(mian)設置為Web服務器的na) 險鏡 Setup can configure apache to use SSL using a certificate issued from the internal CA.  Do you wish Setup to configure that, or prefer to perform that manually? (Automatic, Manual) [Automatic]:  --== SYSTEM CONFIGURATION ==--  Configure an NFS share on this server to be used as an ISO Domain? (Yes, No) [Yes]: //將ISO域的共享(xiang)配置為NFS  Local ISO domain path [/var/lib/exports/iso]:  Local ISO domain ACL - note that the default will restrict access to rhevm.pod2.example.com only, for security reasons [rhevm.pod2.example.com(rw)]:  Local ISO domain name [ISO_DOMAIN]: iso2  --== MISC CONFIGURATION ==--  Reports power users password:   #Report功能Web界面(mian)的密(mi)碼  Confirm Reports power users password: [WARNING] Passwords do not match  Reports power users password:  Confirm Reports power users password: [WARNING] Password is weak: it is based on a dictionary word  Use weak password? (Yes, No) [No]: yes  Would you like transactions from the Red Hat Access Plugin sent from the RHEV Manager to be brokered through a proxy server? (Yes, No) [No]:  --== END OF CONFIGURATION ==--[ INFO ] Stage: Setup validation[WARNING] Less than 16384MB of memory is available  --== CONFIGURATION PREVIEW ==--  Application mode   : both  Update Firewall    : False  Host FQDN    : rhevm.pod2.example.com  Engine database name   : engine  Engine database secured connection : False  Engine database host   : localhost  Engine database user name  : engine  Engine database host name validation : False  Engine database port   : 5432  Engine installation   : True  NFS setup    : True  PKI organization   : pod2.example.com  NFS mount point    : /var/lib/exports/iso  NFS export ACL    : rhevm.pod2.example.com(rw)  Configure local Engine database  : True  Set application as default page  : True  Configure Apache SSL   : True  DWH installation   : True  DWH database name   : ovirt_engine_history  DWH database secured connection  : False  DWH database host   : localhost  DWH database user name   : ovirt_engine_history  DWH database host name validation : False  DWH database port   : 5432  Configure local DWH database  : True  Reports installation   : True  Reports database name   : ovirt_engine_reports  Reports database secured connection : False  Reports database host   : localhost  Reports database user name  : ovirt_engine_reports  Reports database host name validation : False  Reports database port   : 5432  Configure local Reports database : True  Engine Host FQDN   : rhevm.pod2.example.com  Configure WebSocket Proxy  : True  Please confirm installation settings (OK, Cancel) [OK]: [ INFO ] Stage: Transaction setup[ INFO ] Stopping dwh service[ INFO ] Stopping reports service[ INFO ] Stopping engine service[ INFO ] Stopping ovirt-fence-kdump-listener service[ INFO ] Stopping websocket-proxy service[ INFO ] Stage: Misc configuration[ INFO ] Stage: Package installation[ INFO ] Stage: Misc configuration[ INFO ] Initializing PostgreSQL[ INFO ] Creating PostgreSQL 'engine' database[ INFO ] Configuring PostgreSQL[ INFO ] Creating PostgreSQL 'ovirt_engine_history' database[ INFO ] Configuring PostgreSQL[ INFO ] Creating PostgreSQL 'ovirt_engine_reports' database[ INFO ] Configuring PostgreSQL[ INFO ] Creating/refreshing Engine database schema[ INFO ] Creating CA[ INFO ] Creating/refreshing DWH database schema[ INFO ] Deploying Jasper[ INFO ] Importing data into Jasper[ INFO ] Configuring Jasper Java resources[ INFO ] Configuring Jasper Database resources[ INFO ] Customizing Jasper[ INFO ] Customizing Jasper metadata[ INFO ] Customizing Jasper Pro Parts[ INFO ] Configuring WebSocket Proxy[ INFO ] Generating post install configuration file '/etc/ovirt-engine-setup.conf.d/20-setup-ovirt-post.conf'[ INFO ] Stage: Transaction commit[ INFO ] Stage: Closing up[ INFO ] Restarting nfs services  --== SUMMARY ==--[WARNING] Less than 16384MB of memory is available  SSH fingerprint: A3:61:93:18:AF:88:80:8F:BE:90:57:AB:60:F1:ED:BD  Internal CA 1A:33:97:83:9B:2E:44:FD:52:D4:BF:84:F5:C5:75:17:36:B4:26:98  Web access is enabled at:  http://rhevm.pod2.example.com:80/ovirt-engine  https://rhevm.pod2.example.com:443/ovirt-engine  Please use the user 'admin' and password specified in order to login  The following network ports should be opened:  tcp:111  tcp:2049  tcp:32803  tcp:443  tcp:5432  tcp:6100  tcp:662  tcp:80  tcp:875  tcp:892  udp:111  udp:32769  udp:662  udp:7410  udp:875  udp:892  An example of the required configuration for iptables can be found at:  /etc/ovirt-engine/iptables.example  --== END OF SUMMARY ==--[ INFO ] Starting engine service[ INFO ] Restarting httpd[ INFO ] Starting dwh service[ INFO ] Starting reports service[ INFO ] Stage: Clean up  Log file is located at /var/log/ovirt-engine/setup/ovirt-engine-setup-20160604231558-xbilsi.log[ INFO ] Generating answer file '/var/lib/ovirt-engine/setup/answers/20160604233528-setup.conf'[ INFO ] Stage: Pre-termination[ INFO ] Stage: Termination[ INFO ] Execution of setup completed successfully

Step5︰將rhevadmin用(yong)戶加入到example.com域並賦予權限。

[root@rhevm ~]# engine-manage-domains add --domain=example.com --provider=IPA --user=rhevadmin --add-permissions Enter password:Successfully added domain example.com. oVirt Engine restart is required in order for the changes to take place (service ovirt-engine restart).Manage Domains completed successfully

Step6︰重啟ovirt-engine服務使配置生效

[root@rhevm ~]#/etc/init.d/ovirt-engine restart

Step7︰驗證rhevadmin用(yong)戶是否成功加入域

[root@rhevm ~]# engine-manage-domains listDomain: example.com User name: rhevadmin@EXAMPLE.COMManage Domains completed successfully

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Step1︰Get the CPU Type

Login Manager Potal from rhevadmin 將H端加入到Host中 Get the CUPtype︰Intel Nehalem Family用(yong)于之後(hou)創建(jian)cluster時使用(yong)

Step2︰Create DataCenter、Cluster and Host

DataCenters: (Add Data Centers)New –> OK
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述

Cluster: (Add Clusters) New –> CPU Type:Intel Nehalem Family
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述

Hosts: New –> Data Center –> Host Cluster –> Address:RHEVHAddress –> UserName:root –> Password:RHEV-HPassword
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述

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Step1︰新建(jian)Shared Directory

[root@rhevm ~]# mkdir -p /exports/testdate[root@rhevm ~]# mkdir /exports/testexport[root@rhevm ~]# chown 36:36 /exports/test* #必須給(gei)你36權限,RHEVM才能夠訪問

Step2︰配置NFS共享(xiang)
vim /etc/exports

/var/lib/exports/iso rhevm.pod2.example.com(rw)/var/lib/exports/iso 172.25.2.0/255.255.0.0(rw,sync,no_root_squash)/var/lib/exports/iso 172.25.2.0/255.255.255.0(rw,sync,no_root_squash)/exports/testdata 172.25.0.0/255.255.0.0(rw,sync,no_root_squash)/exports/testdata 172.25.0.0/255.255.255.0(rw,sync,no_root_squash)/exports/testexport 172.25.0.0/255.255.0.0(rw,sync,no_root_squash)/exports/testexport 172.25.0.0/255.255.255.0(rw,sync,no_root_squash)/exports/rhevisos 172.25.0.0/255.255.255.0(rw,sync,no_root_squash)/exports/rhevisos 172.25.0.0/255.255.0.0(rw,sync,no_root_squash)

Step3︰重啟使共享(xiang)生效

[root@rhevm ~]# exportfs -r[root@rhevm ~]# service nfs restart

Step4︰在RHEVM Web界面(mian)新建(jian)Data Storage
Storage –> New Domain –> Data/NFS
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述

Step5︰新建(jian)ISO Storage
Storage –> New Domain –> ISO/NFS or iso2 –> Data Center -> Attach
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述

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Step1︰獲(huo)取虛擬機鏡像

[root@rhevm ~]# wget http://classroom.example.com/materials/rhel-server-7.1-x86_64-boot.iso--2020-02-20 06:12:21-- http://classroom.example.com/materials/rhel-server-7.1-x86_64-boot.isoResolving classroom.example.com... 172.25.254.254Connecting to classroom.example.com172.25.254.254:80... connected.HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OKLength: 358612992 (342M) [application/octet-stream]Saving to: “rhel-server-7.1-x86_64-boot.iso”100%[======================================>] 358,612,992 90.5M/s in 3.7s 2020-02-20 06:12:25 (91.5 MB/s) - “rhel-server-7.1-x86_64-boot.iso” saved [358612992/358612992]

Step2︰上傳虛擬機鏡像到RHEVM

[root@rhevm ~]# engine-iso-uploader listPlease provide the REST API password for the admin@internal oVirt Engine user (CTRL+D to abort): ISO Storage Domain Name Datacenter   ISO Domain Statusiso2   DC1   active[root@rhevm ~]# engine-iso-uploader -i iso2 upload rhel-server-7.1-x86_64-boot.isoPlease provide the REST API password for the admin@internal oVirt Engine user (CTRL+D to abort): Uploading, please wait...INFO: Start uploading rhel-server-7.1-x86_64-boot.iso INFO: rhel-server-7.1-x86_64-boot.iso uploaded successfully

Step3︰配置虛擬機的MAC Pool

[root@rhevm ~]# engine-config -s MacPoolRanges=52:54:00:00:02:10-52:54:00:00:02:FF[root@rhevm ~]# /etc/init.d/ovirt-engine restartStopping oVirt Engine:     [ OK ]Starting oVirt Engine:     [ OK ]

Step4︰創建(jian)虛擬機
Virtual Machines –> New VM
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述

Step5︰創建(jian)虛擬機的虛擬磁盤
Virtual Machines –> VMName –> Disks
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述

Step6︰創建(jian)虛擬機的虛擬網卡(ka)
Virtual Machines –> VMName –> Network Interfaces
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述

Step7︰安裝虛擬機操作(zuo)系統
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述

點擊(ji)小電視開(kai)啟VM –> 在grub2界面(mian)按(an)tab建(jian) –> 輸入ks=http://classroom.example.com/materisals/small-rhev.cfg –> 回車
這(zhe)里寫圖片描(miao)述

Step8︰login the VM and check the MAC

Step9︰新建(jian)快照
Virtual Machines –> VMName –> Snapshots –> Create –> OK

Step10︰新建(jian)模板
Virtual Machines –> stopVM –> right chick the VM and Make Template –> OK

Step11︰新建(jian)Pool
Pool –> New –> 3 –> OK

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